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Anesthesia and Patient Monitoring
Just as with humans, pets can require anesthesia from time to time. This may be due to the need for a surgery at a veterinary hospital, routine dental care or other medical procedure. Puppies and kittens receive anesthesia during a spay or neuter process. The truth is that most pets must receive anesthesia during veterinary services from a veterinarian in Winnipeg at least once during their lifetime, and more often with procedures like regular dental care.
General anesthesia works through drugs that suppress the animal’s nerve response temporarily. Your pet will be in a relaxed unconscious state and unable to move. Most importantly, they won’t feel any pain, and won’t be aware of the procedure as it is taking place. Anesthesia can also be administered locally during veterinary services to numb a specific part of the body or area to be worked on.
There are some risks with general pet anesthesia, regardless of the length of the procedure. Unfortunately, serious outcomes are also possible in rare cases. These can range from anaphylactic shock to death. It is estimated that about one in 100,000 animals can have a reaction to the agent that is used in anesthesia.
Reactions to anesthesia can range from mild to severe. The symptoms of a reaction to local anesthesia is usually swelling at the injection site. While the thought of side effects of anesthesia are alarming, the truth is that they are very rare. Also, there are numerous things that pet owners can do to reduce risks while under anesthesia, including:
• Awareness. Make sure the veterinarian knows the pet’s complete history at the outset. This is crucial to their safety and well being during a medical procedure. Aspects like current health and lifestyle, vaccine history, and medications taken can also influence how a pet will respond under anesthesia. There are numerous types of anesthesia agents, and the ideal type can be chosen based on the pet’s medical history.
• Presurgical exam. A presurgical examination from your veterinarian in Winnipeg can employ diagnostic tests to help identify underlying conditions. These can then be addressed before the pet receives anesthesia.
Diagnostic tests before anesthesia might include:
- A CBC (complete blood count) can help to rule out blood-related conditions.
- Organ tests to evaluate the liver, kidney and pancreas for optimal functioning and blood sugar levels.
- An electrolyte test to check for dehydration or electrolyte imbalance.
• Fasting. Fasting for at least 12 hours before the procedure can help to eliminate the risk that the pet will vomit and choke. Even with intubation, fluid or food can get into the lungs and cause complications.
No pet owner looks forward to the day when a pet will require surgery or a medical procedure from a veterinary hospital. However, when you partner with an experienced veterinarian in Winnipeg, you can rest assured that your pet will receive the best care possible.
Trust Best Friends Animal Hospital as your vet hospital for surgery, expert veterinary services, and any other medical procedures your pet might need. Contact us today to schedule your appointment!