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A hormonal imbalance in a dog or cat can cause potentially serious disorders affecting an animal's nervous, cardiovascular and reproductive systems. Identifying endocrine problems in pets as early as possible means your veterinarian in Winnipeg can initiate appropriate treatments necessary for restoring hormonal imbalance and reducing symptoms of several chronic diseases.
Comprised of several glands that release a wide variety of hormones into the bloodstream, your pet's endocrine system is responsible for regulating her growth, metabolism, maturation and reproductive processes. Hormonal imbalances occur at any age, with most imbalances caused by chronic diseases, autoimmune disorders or infections. Common endocrine disorders diagnosed in dogs and cats include:
Signs of too much thyroid hormone in the bloodstream include weight loss with increased appetite, hyperactivity, diarrhea, vomiting, and excessive thirst.
Signs of too little thyroid hormone in the bloodstream include hair loss, flaky skin, weight gain, sluggishness and recurring ear infections.
Signs that a dog or cat has too much circulating calcium involve appetite loss, vomiting, weakness and swelled lymph nodes. Animals with hypercalcemia will drink more water but also urinate more. This could lead to dehydration although your pet is drinking water frequently.
Elevated levels of parathyroid hormone can cause stiffness, lethargy, vomiting, urinary incontinence and increased thirst.
When certain pancreatic cells fail to maintain proper blood glucose levels, animals may suffer symptoms of diabetes mellitus, such as increased appetite, thirst, and urination. Weight loss, poor coat and skin condition, and vomiting are other indicators of possible diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats.
Abnormally low or high levels of testosterone, progesterone or estrogen in pets may cause hair loss, severe skin irritations, outer ear inflammation and urinary incontinence.
Overactive glands may be treated with medications, radiotherapy or surgery to remove tumors responsible for glandular dysfunction. Insufficient hormone levels may be supplemented with synthetic hormones, such as insulin for diabetes mellitus. Thyroid hormone replacements can be given orally to pets with hypothyroidism. If we diagnose your pet with a hormonal imbalance at our animal hospital, you will need to bring your pet in for periodic blood tests to ensure he is receiving the correct medication dosage.
Contact your veterinarian in Winnipeg today if you notice your dog or cat is losing hair, eating or drinking more or less than usual, panting excessively, gaining/losing weight and urinating frequently. He may have an endocrine disorder or tumor impinging on an endocrine gland that is causing serious health problems. Call Best Friends Animal Hospital at 204-269-4451 to schedule an appointment.